Woman’s Value and Role
الناشر: جمعية المعارف الإسلامية الثقافية
تاريخ الإصدار: 2018-03
جمعية المعارف الاسلامية الثقافية
الناشر: جمعية المعارف الإسلامية الثقافية
تاريخ الإصدار: 2018-03
جمعية المعارف الاسلامية الثقافية
In the Name of God, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful
The Woman in the Eyes of the Societies
High God created Hawwaa.
We consider such narratives as incorrect, for they contradict the literal meaning of The Noble Qur’an. The Most High God says, (And O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in Paradise, and eat thereof as you both wish, but approach not this tree otherwise you both will be of the unjust * Then Satan whispered suggestions to them both in order to uncover that which was hidden from them of their private parts; he said, “Your Lord did not forbid you from this tree save you should become angels or become of the immortals* And he )Satan) swore by Allah for them both, “Verily, I am one of the sincere well wishers for you both”)(1).
Common Points of Weakness
nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah is that who is the most pious. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware)(1). The Most High God did not determine the standard of honor in that the human being be a man or a woman. The only standard is that of piety in which there is no difference between the man and the woman. The most pious person, whether a man or a woman, is the most honorable with The Most High God.
Will and Help of The Most High God, to talk about the difference which is related to the practical aspect and about the background of these differences.
will be abased.” * He said: “O chiefs! Which of you can bring me her throne before they come to me surrendering themselves in obedience?” * An afreet from the jinns said: “I will bring it to you before you rise from your place. And verily, I am indeed strong and trustworthy for such work.” * One with whom was knowledge of the Scripture said: “I will bring it to you within the twinkling of an eye!” then when he Soulayman saw it placed before him, he said: “This is by the Grace of my Lord to test me whether I am grateful or ungrateful! And whoever is grateful, truly, his gratitude is for his own self; and whoever is ungrateful, certainly! my Lord is The Most Rich, The Most Bountiful.” * He said: “Disguise her throne for her that we may see whether she will be guided, or she will be one of those not guided.” * So when she came, it was said (to her): “Is your throne like this?” She said: “It is as though it were the very same.” And )Soulayman said): “Knowledge was bestowed on us before her, and we were submitted to Allah.” * And that which she used to worship besides Allah has prevented her, for she was of a disbelieving people * It was said to her: “Enter the edifice )(a glass surface with water underneath it) or a palace)”. But when she saw it, she thought it was a pool, and she uncovered her legs. He said: “Verily, it is an edifice paved smooth with slab of glass.” She said: “My Lord! Verily, I have wronged myself, and I submit in Islam, together with Soulayman, to Allah, The Lord Of All The Worlds”)(1).
set forth an example for those who believe, the wife of Fir’aun (Pharaoh), when she said: «My Lord! Build for me a home with You in Paradise, and save me from Fir’aun and his work, and save me from the wrong doing people.”)(1).
There are a lot of ideas and theories which represent the woman as being of a level lower than that of man.
- She was the first woman next to Khadija (May God be pleased with her) who adopted Islam.
The Difference between the Man and the Woman
Here we mention the differences which we have collected from what the researchers have said.
the influence of her feelings more than the man does.
her physiological and psychological characteristics. Adequateness, therefore, and not equality between the man and the woman is what is required.
It is necessary that polygamy remain permissible in order to effectuate justice among the women on one hand and in order to solve the social problems that may become serious on another hand. This is so because there is a problem that has two faces:
The man’s superintendence over the woman is based on two supports:
says, (Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope. . )(1). As long as the man is responsible for spending on the family, it is natural that this be recognized in the distribution of the finances, so that the distribution will be in consistent with the responsibilities which are assigned to each one of them. From here, it is not weird that the man inherits double what the woman inherits.
We are the lost with no guardian
Importance of Learning
and peace bestowed upon him and his Household) referred to this association in his saying, “Learning is the life of Islam and the prop of religion”(1).
Household) that he said, “He who has a daughter whom he educates and masters her education, teaches and masters her teaching, and gives generously from the bounties God bestowed upon him will have her as a protection from fire.”(1)
considered to be an excess.”(1)
We might not come across such a consecration of learning and such a call for it among the religions and sects and creeds as they are spot in Islam. Learning is intricately associated to the true divine religion that came down from The Most High God.
Al-Hakika (The Woman Searching for the Truth), Siraa (A Struggle), Al-Khala Al-Da’ee’aa (The Lost Aunt), Boutoulat Al-Mar’aa Al-Muslima (The Heroisms of the Muslim Woman), etc.
Even if circumstances interplay To cause me pains and distress
reflecting upon the future and upon the point at which the humanity will anchor at the end of its history in this life, we find out that the veil represents the future which the humanity will adopt.
What Must Be Veiled?
This noble verse reflects upon several points:
B- The Saying of The Most High God: (O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks all over their bodies. That will be better, that they should be known so as not to be annoyed. And Allah is Ever Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful)(1).
(God’s peace bestowed upon her) with her well known role especially after Karbalaa when she carried its everlasting message; before Karbalaa even, she had her major role especially in the womanish society.
4- Sayyda Zahraa Al-Moustafawi said, “The Imam is strict concerning the marriageable persons’ being at the same place. For instance, my children and my brother Sayyed Ahmad’s children are of close ages i. e. between fifteen and sixteen years old. If one day we were invited to lunch at The Imam’s house, we used not to take our children with us. And if we took them with us, the boys would go to Sayyed Ahmad’s house where the men would have lunch. As regards the girls, they would eat with us in our mother’s room in The Imam’s house, in order that the marriageable persons, even if being kins, would not sit to the same table. Even more, he used to assure that there was no need for them to salute each other because saluting is not a duty.”(1)
impose the complete isolation between the men and the women. Even more, we notice that men and women are present at the same place even in some major religious issues, such as: the pilgrimage and the fight for God’s sake. It is related in the biography of The Greatest Prophet (God’s prayers and peace bestowed upon him and his Household) that the women used to get out with him for war in order to cure the wounded, to supply the fighters with water, etc.
restricted to the forbidden look only. Such a privacy is forbidden in itself. It is related in the narrative ascribed to The Prince of the Believers Imam Ali (God’s peace bestowed upon him) that he said, “Let no man be in privacy with a woman because whenever a man is in privacy with a woman, the devil is the third one there.”(1)
and women’s being at the same place. Forbiddance is not exclusive to getting out; it is applicable to men’s and women’s being at the same place in general even if it takes place inside the house.
Etc). That is purer for them. Verily, Allah is All Aware of what they do * And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things) and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts, etc) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like palms of the hands or one eye or both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer dress like veil, gloves, head cover, etc) and to draw their veils all over their Juyub (i. e. their bodies, faces, necks, bosoms, etc) (1)…)
God imprisoning him in this life a thousand years for every word.”(1)
her) money was the key for enduring the siege and was the outlet for the ones sieged: She used to buy the food for double its price, so that the sieged people would eat. The three years of siege passed, thus ending with the safety of the people and the frustration of what Quraish plotted against them.
Importance of Ashamedness
said, “The deeds of the people are shown before your Prophet every Thursday evening. Let everyone of you be ashamed of showing before his/ her Prophet an abominated deed.”(1) It is related by Ya’coub ibn Sou’aib, “I asked Abou Abdullah (God’s peace bestowed upon him) about the Saying of The Most High God: (And say (O Mohammad), “Do deeds! Allah will see your deeds, and (so will) His Messenger and the believers…)(2) He (God’s peace bestowed upon him( answered, ‘They (the believers) are the Imams (God’s peace bestowed upon them). ’”(3)
of abandoning the duties and of performing the forbiddances. He/ she must be so because he/ she who is ashamed of The Most High God can not, knowing that He is watching him, disobey Him. In addition, he/ she who is ashamed of The Prophet (God’s prayers and peace bestowed upon him and his Household) can not, knowing that his/ her sin is going to be shown before The Prophet (God’s prayers and peace bestowed upon him and his Household), commit sins.
It can be noticed through its impacts on the human being. Some narratives state that these impacts are:
Opposites of Ashamedness and Chastity
which no guidance can be achieved and rather than which no good can be found? !! How can the human being, in order to adhere to the traditions and customs which have proved their failure and degradation and which have afflicted the societies with the crises on the level of the security and the moral values, forsake his/ her guidance: (This is the Book)the Qur’an)whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are Al-Mouttaqun )the pious and the righteous persons who fear Allah mush (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)))? (1)
place in things which there is no objection to in themselves.
the light for your aim, and the leading person for your religious norm? !”
The Importance of the Establishment of the Family
and insistence of the instinct if he/she does not satisfy it correctly, properly, and in a religiously permissible way. It is ascribed to God’s prophet (God’s prayers and peace bestowed upon him and his Household) that he said, “Whenever a youth man gets married while being in the stage of youthfulness, his devil uproars, ‘Alas! Alas! He guarded from me two thirds of his religion.’ Then, let the human being be devout as regards the remaining third.”(1)
in turn presents for the human being daily aims and programs. As a result, this serves in preventing the occurrence of the social evils which originate from vacancy and from the state of having neither an aim nor a responsibility.
2- Mercy: It is the other point to which the just mentioned verse points out. Next to affection comes mercy which means tenderness and gentleness. The Most High God did not settle it for the affection and love relationship between the wife and the husband but He added to it the gentleness and tenderness which appear through the behaviors which manifest the act of giving that expects nothing in return.
your worry. ’’ Then, God’s prophet (God’s prayers and peace bestowed upon him and his Household) said to that man, ‘Harbinger her with Heaven, and tell her, ‘You are one of God’s workers, and you are every day granted the reward which seventy martyrs are granted. ’’”(1)
peace bestowed upon both) sets forth this house as a model for the believers in general. There are certain narratives which refer to the woman’s work inside her house; it is ascribed to The Noblest Prophet (God’s prayers and peace bestowed upon him and his Household) that he said, “God looks at the woman who moves something in her husband’s house from one place to another with the aim of using it in a better way. And God does not torture the one whom He looks at.”(1)
The man, therefore, is the guardian chosen by The Most High God to govern this small society; The Most High God says, (Men are the protectors and maintainers of women because Allah has made one of them to excel the other…)
any of my orders. My worries and sorrows used to be driven away when I looked at her.”
Continuity of the Family
It is ascribed to Imam Al-Sadik (God’s peace bestowed upon him) that he said, “Nothing among the issues which God permitted is more hateful to Him than divorce is. And God hates the moody divorcer.”(1)
realizing these etiquettes will keep the door widely open in front of misunderstanding and will put the building of the family face to face with danger. Then, what are these rights and etiquettes?
In addition, it is ascribed to Imam Al-Sadik (God’s peace bestowed upon him) that he said, “…The wife can not, as regards the relationship between her and her husband, do without three characteristics. She must up keep herself from every abomination, so that his heart will be at ease with her in weal and in woe. She must also attend to him, so that this will plead for her if she does something wrong. And she must show love to him through being fascinating and comely looking in his eye.”(1)
without the permission of her husband till she is back at her house.”(1) Imam Al-Khomeini (May his secret be sacred) considers “the wife’s getting out from her husband’s house without his permission” to be from the wife’s recalcitrance.
“When disagreement takes place between the husband and the wife to the extent that it may lead to dissension and separation and to the extent that their problem reaches the governor, he must send after two just arbitrators, one on his behalf and one on her behalf, in order to reconcile them and in order to put an end to the dissension in the way they regard it to be the most proper whether in joining or separation.”
Retaining Her on Reasonable Terms or Divorcing Her with Kindness
The divorce’s being the authority of the husband does not authorize him to tyrannize over the wife and to misuse it. This right is a trust consigned to the husband about which The Most High God will ask him on the Day of Judgment.
turned away from everything. She turned away towards The Truth when she heard His call on the tongue of Prophet Musa (God’s peace bestowed upon him and upon our Prophet and his Household) who was brought up in her bosom and palace. She believed in him and believed his call, so Sayyda Asya (God’s peace bestowed upon her) was from the first ones who believed in the religion which Prophet Musa (God’s peace bestowed upon him and upon our Prophet and his Household) called to.
What Is the Mother?
The Reason of the Mother’s Prestige
In a narrative which demonstrates the reward of breast feeding, God’s prophet (God’s prayers and peace bestowed upon him and his Household) said, “When the woman is pregnant, she is in the status of the one fasting, staying up nights (in prayer and prostration), and sacrificing himself and his money for God’s sake. When she conceives, she has a reward which is so great to the extent that nobody knows it. When she is breast feeding, she, with every single suck, is considered as if she is liberating one of Ismael’s progeny. And when she is done with breast feeding, a noble angel says to her, ‘Go on what you are doing: you are forgiven. ’”(1)
follow. In spite of its being the only method throughout the years of the childhood of the human being, this method is requisite as well at all the stages and is beneficial with all ages.
which it is indispensable for her to be endowed with. They are summarized in the following points:
From here, she must get used to take in these issues, so that they will not reflect negatively on her nerves.
evanescent life after she had been assured as regards her sons and after she had been delighted with them. She passed away on Sacred Thou Al-Houjja, 385 of immigration when Al-Shareef Al-Mourtada was 30 years old and his brother Al-Shareef Al-Ra’dee was 26 years old.
The scope of this role may, in accordance to the woman’s capacities and the priorities governing her life in addition to the conditions of the society, widen to reach the entire nation or narrow to be included just within a specific frame.
If the woman and those whom she provides for, in case there are persons whom she provides for, are in a financial need, it is doubtless that her work becomes preferred and demanded and will be better than that she be afflicted with poverty or be obliged to humiliate herself in order to get the help of the other people.
Imam Al-Khomeini (May his secret be sacred) said in this course, “Let the woman work but while putting on the veil. There is no objection to her work in the governmental bureaus, but she must take into consideration the religious veil and the adherence to the religious rules.”(1)
It is, therefore, doubtless that the woman can participate in a lot of these mission. Even more, it is required from her that she covers such missions which support the front line and which provide for the resistants’ needs. The woman is considered to be a major reason for the continuation of the struggle for God’s sake. She can work in furnishing the resistants with food and clothes. She can be a nurse or a doctor who treats the wounds. She can as well help in all the logistic actions.
and admit them into Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise); a reward from Allah, and with Allah is the best of rewards)(1).
defend, but we do not know how to defend. It is obvious that the milieu where you train on the military arts must be a sound milieu, an Islamic milieu where chastity and all the Islamic issues are taken into consideration and maintained.”(1)
women there is reward for what they have earned, and ask Allah of His Bounty. Surely, Allah is Ever Knower of Everything)(1).